About Nepal

Nepal, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is located in South Asia. It is a landlocked country neighboured by China and India. Nepal’s ecological zones run east to west about 800 km along its Himalayan axis, 150 to 250 km north to south. Nepal is divided into three main geographical regions: Himalayan region, mid hill region and Terai (plain) region (Nepal Human Development Report 2014 – UNDP).

Present Situation
At present, Nepal is making efforts to move out of an extended political transition and has resolved to accelerate its graduation from least developed to a developing country by 2022. The importance of inclusive growth and human development to sustain peace, achieved after a long conflict, has been deeply ingrained among all stakeholders. The agenda for the years to come is high- quality growth and equitable development. 

Area: 140,800 square km between 70 and 8848 meters altitude
Capital city: Kathmandu
National Language: Nepali

Population   26.49 Million as per 2011 National Census - 30,986,975 (July 2014 est.)
Age structure            0-14 years: 31.6% (male 4,989,268/female 4,805,381)
15-24 years: 22.6% (male 3,521,421/female 3,484,203)
25-54 years: 35.7% (male 5,273,079/female 5,775,404)
55-64 years: 5.6% (male 847,431/female 886,760)
65 years and over: 4.5% (male 648,917/female 755,111) (2014 est.)

Ethnic groups        
Chhettri 16.6%, Brahman-Hill 12.2%, Magar 7.1%, Tharu 6.6%, Tamang 5.8%, Newar 5%, Kami 4.8%, Muslim 4.4%, Yadav 4%, Rai 2.3%, Gurung 2%, Damai/Dholii 1.8%, Thakuri 1.6%, Limbu 1.5%, Sarki 1.4%, Teli 1.4%, Chamar/Harijan/Ram 1.3%, Koiri/Kushwaha 1.2%, other 19% (125 caste/ethnic groups were reported in the 2011 national census (2011 est.)

Religions
Hindu 81.3%, Buddhist 9%, Muslim 4.4%, Kirant 3.1%, Christian 1.4%, other 0.5%, unspecifed 0.2% (2011 est.)

Languages  
Nepali (official) 44.6%, Maithali 11.7%, Bhojpuri 6%, Tharu 5.8%, Tamang 5.1%, Newar 3.2%, Magar 3%, Bajjika 3%, Urdu 2.6%, Avadhi 1.9%, Limbu 1.3%, Gurung 1.2%, other 10.4%, unspecified 0.2% (123 languages reported as mother tongue in 2011 national census; many in government and business also speak English (2011 est.)) 

Human Development Index (HDI)          138th
Per Capita Income                                     US$ 377
Poverty Head Count Rate                        25.16% 

Literacy (definition: age 15 and over can read and write)
Total population: 57.4% (male: 71.1% and female: 46.7% - 2011 est.)

Major cities - population   Kathmandu (Capital City) 1.015 million
Population growth rate  1.82% (2014 est.)
Birth rate  21.07 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate 6.62 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Net migration rate 3.71 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Urban population: 17% of total population (2011)
Rate of urbanisation: 3.62% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
   
Total Fertility rate 2.3 children born/woman (2014 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate 49.7% (2011)
Mother's mean age at first birth 20.1
Maternal mortality Rate 190 per 100,000 live births

                    
Infant Mortality Rate
Total:40.43 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 40.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 40.35 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth
Total population: 67.19 years
male: 65.88 years
female: 68.56 years (2014 est.)

Tuberculosis (TB)  Prevalence Rate 241/ 100,000
Tuberculosis (TB)  Incidence Rate 163/ 100,000
Tuberculosis (TB) Number death 4/ 100,000

 

HIV/AIDS Adult prevalence rate - 0.3%
HIV/AIDS People living with HIV/AIDS 48,700
HIV/AIDS - deaths 4,100


Improved Drinking Water Source:
Urban: 90.3% of population
Rural: 87.6% of population
Total: 88.1% of population

Unimproved Drinking Water Source:
Urban: 9.7% of population
Rural: 12.4% of population
Total: 11.9% of population (2012 est.)

Source:

  1. Nepal Human Development Report 2014, UNDP
  2. National Census 2011, Central Bureau of Statistics, Government of Nepal
  3. CIA World Fact Book (https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/)
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